|Arteriosclerosis is one of the most common diseases of the arteries. This disease occurs when plaque (which is made up of cholesterol, fibrin, platelets and other substances) forms on the walls of the arteries and obstructs the normal flow and circulation of blood. The arteries become narrowed and the walls lose their elasticity, causing blood flow to be reduced.
People often confuse arteriosclerosis with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a sub-group of arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis refers to the thickening of plaque building up in the inner lining of the artery.
Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol and calcium deposits found in the blood. The plaque hardens over time and narrows the arteries thus reducing the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the organs and other parts of the body.
This can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death. While there is a distinction between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis, however, the symptoms and effect on health are the same.