|Scabies is an itchy, contagious skin condition caused by the sacroptes scabei mite. The scabies mites burrows into the skin, lay their eggs and several days later, the eggs hatch and the mites start moving. The host is usually infected with between 10 and 20 mites. The most affected areas of the skin are the hands, wrists, knees, ankles, feet, nipples and male genitalia.
It causes intense itching and scratching, especially at night which results in a rash. Scabies is spread by direct skin to skin contact, and often develops through sexual contact. It can affect both children and adults.
If an individual develops scabies, it is most likely other household members as well as sexual partner will be infected. Scabies that infest animals and domestic pets fail to reproduce on humans and usually die within 3 or 4 days.
It is also common in congested and overcrowded areas such as hospitals, nursing facilities and facilities. Sometimes another form of scabies known as Norwegian scabies or crusted scabies may also develop. This condition often occurs in elderly people, those with weakened immune systems and neurological conditions.