Scleroderma is a rare but chronic condition that is characterized by the hardening of skin and connective tissues – it literally means hard skin. It belongs to a group of arthritic conditions known as connective tissue diseases in which an individual’s antibodies are directed against his or her own tissues. There are two types of scleroderma – localized and systemic scleroderma. Localized scleroderma usually begins with dry patches of skin on the hands or face which progressively becomes thicker and harder.
Systemic scleroderma, on the other hand, affects the blood vessels and internal organs such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, lungs, esophagus and gastrointestinal tract. Scleroderma most commonly occurs in people aged between 30-50 years and affects women more than men. There is no known cure for scleroderma and often this condition leads to depression and low self esteem.