|Most people want flawless skin with complexions that are smooth, taut, and exude a dewy glow. Unfortunately, this is not always possible when your skins take a beating. Sometimes your appearance is affected by genetics, age, sun exposure, and unhealthy choices such as poor diet, too much alcohol, stress or harsh chemicals that can prematurely age you – making you look older! One of the biggest culprits responsible for skin damage is long-term exposure to the sun, and most sun damage occurs before the age of 20. The harmful effects of spending too much time in the sun is due to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and this type of sun damage is known as photoaging. It speeds up the rate of aging of the skin and increases the risk for developing skin cancer.
The most common signs of damaged skin include dry, scaly skin; skin with a yellow, leathery appearance; broken capillaries; fine, coarse wrinkles or pigmentation problems. Sun spots, also known as liver spots or age spots, are flat, brownish colored patches that appear on the body, often on the face, arms and hands. Although these spots are benign, they are extremely unattractive and often appear with wrinkles and rough skin.
Sometimes sun damaged skin becomes dry and wrinkled and develop into dry, scaly spots known as solar (actinic) keratoses. Some types of UV rays can cause various forms of skin cancer. The most common skin cancer known as non-melanoma includes squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma, and is less fatal. Malignant melanoma is fatal and has the highest percentage of skin cancer death, spreading quickly throughout the body.