|A burn injury usually results from an energy transfer to the body. This can occur in a number of ways:
Thermal burns (caused by flames, hot surfaces, hot liquids or gases). These occur due to external heat sources that raise the temperature of the skin and tissues and cause tissue cell death or charring.
Radiation burns – these are burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, or to other sources of radiation such as x-ray.
Chemical burns (caused by strong acids, alkalies, detergents, or solvents). These burns occur as a result of these chemicals coming into contact with the skin and/or eyes.
Electrical burns (caused by faulty wiring, old plugs, lightning).